The first time I heard this argument, it seemed so obviously flawed that I just replied directly to the person and thought that I wouldn't hear of it again. However, I have heard that same argument used several more times, so I realized that I actually need to address it once and for all.
First, there is the verse:
“No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day.”
Then, the argument goes like this:
Everyone who the Father draws comes to Christ.
Everyone who the Father draws is raised up at the last day, and obviously that only included those who have come to Christ.
Therefore, whichever way you look at it, everyone who the Father draws comes to Christ and is raised up at the last day.
The trouble is, that isn't what the verse actually says. Perhaps God only draws those who end up being saved, but THIS verse doesn't say that... maybe other verses do, but this one definitely doesn't. I'll explain. First, I'll break up the verse into components and examine each part and show how it fits together, and then I will give an example of similar sentence structure.
Here are two basis statements made in this verse:
No one can come to Christ unless the Father draws him
Christ will raise [him] up at the last day
The first part says that without the drawing of the Father, humans are unable to come to Christ. Without X, no one can do Y. This is similar to saying that without having hands, you cannot drum your fingers on your friend's head.
It does NOT follow that everyone who has X actually goes on to do Y. Without X, no one can do Y. With X, a person may or may not do Y... that isn't addressed. For example, if you have hands, you may or may not drum your fingers on your friend's head.
Without the drawing of the Father, humans are unable to come to Christ.
Without X, no one can do Y.
With the drawing of the Father, humans... ? [Are able to come? Will come?]
With X, a person [may or may not do Y...?]
To know what happened with X in place, to all people, we would need further information. However, we do get some information from the next part. Christ will raise “him” up at the last day. Who? The one who comes to Christ: A human cannot come to Christ unless the Father draws that human, and Christ will raise that human [the same one who was drawn and came to Christ] in the last day.
From this, we learn that there are people who are drawn by the Father who also come to Christ. We learn that whoever falls under that category is raised up on the last day. What category? The category of those who both
A) Come to Christ
B) Were drawn by the Father
Obviously, no one can be in category A without also being in category B – since the first part of the verse says so. So those who come to Christ fit BOTH categories, and are raised up in the last day. However, the verse didn't say whether someone could be in category B without being in category A. It didn't address that.
No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day.
This does NOT say that all those who are drawn come. It says that all who come were drawn.
It does not say that all who were drawn are raised. It says that those came and were drawn are raised.
No one can murder his brother unless God first gives him existence; and the American law will send him to jail.
This does NOT say that all who are given existence murder their brother. It claims that all those who murder were given existence.
It does not say that all who were given existence are sent to jail. It claims that those who murder and were given existence are sent to jail.
Logic, people. Logic.